A combination skin type is a mixture of normal/dry skin and oily skin. Often, people with combination skin feel oily in the area between the forehead, nose, and chin (T-zone), while the skin on the cheeks is dry or normal. Combination skin relates to it being at the intersection of two skin types: normal to dry skin in combination with oily skin. A person with combination skin can benefit both from products for oily skin as well as dry skin. If you are suffering from an excessive sebum production in the T-zone, use products developed for oily skin. If you use acid treatments, it can be good to leave the cheeks out since they are often more sensitive to these types of treatments.
Tips for oily to combination skin
- Use a minimalistic lightweight moisturizer. Focus on the humectants: glycerin, erythriol, urea, low concentrations of lactic acid or the building stone of Hyaluronic acid i.e. N-acetylglucosamine. The skin can benefit from ceramides especially in a dry and cold climate. Look for linoleic acid since oily skin can benefit from this lipid.
- Avoid comedogenic ingredients.
- Don’t wash away the natural lipid system in the skin. It is enough to wash your skin with a mild cleanser in the evening and only water in the morning. You can benefit from a cleanser containing BHA.
- Don’t overdo make-up, especially foundations that can clog the pores.
- Look for ingredients with proven efficacy to calm down the sebaceous gland for less oil production, such as niacinamide, retinol, and zinc.
- A good antioxidant can be beneficial to support DNA repair and can help minimize inflammatory processes in the skin.
- Find your best level of acids. Don’t overdo it and protect your cheeks!
- Respect your microbiome. Most of our microorganisms on the skin are there to protects us. It supports our immune defense as well as producing molecules to keep the skin moist and resilient. lLook for minimalistic formulas to not risk causing an imbalance in the skin microbiome. An imbalance can cause overgrowth of P acnes or Malassezia spp which could increase pimple formation. The good bacteria on the skin can benefit from prebiotics and the skin can benefit from an extra boost of postbiotics.